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Study of Depression and Anxiety in Type II Diabetic Clients Presenting to Yazd Diabetes Research Center Clinic and Its Correlation with HBA1c
(Research (Original))
  • 1 Department of Nursing, Research Center for Nursing and Midwifery Care, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • 2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Health Faculty, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • 3 Department of Nursing, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • 4 Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • 5 Endocrinologist Yazd Diabetes Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • Correspondence should be addressed to Hamideh Dehghani, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran; Tel: ; Fax: ; Email: hamide.dehghani@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Diabetes is associated with many psychosomatic complications. Depression and anxiety are among the most common psychological disturbances in diabetic patients, affecting both the course of treatment and altering the prognosis of patients. It also may impair metabolic control in diabetics. Unfortunately, the findings of research in this field are controversial, so regarding the significance of this issue, the present study aimed at determining the rates of depression and anxiety among type II diabetic patients and their correlation with HBA1c. This was a descriptive-correlational study conducted on 240 patients visiting the clinic of Yazd Diabetes Research Center using a three-part questionnaire including demographic information, Spielbeger’s Anxiety Questionnaire, and Beck’s Depression Inventory through interview by the researcher and during three months. The data were collected and analyzed using SPSS. The mean scores of anxiety and depression for the subjects were 29.01±13.64 and 22.68±13.79, respectively, indicating high amounts of anxiety and depression in diabetic pa-tients. Finally, a statistically significant correlation was found between anxiety and depression on one hand, and HBA1c, on the other hand (P=0.008). Considering the high frequency of depression and anxiety in diabetic patients and its correlation with HBA1c, psychological consultation for improving the metabolic control of these patients seems to be necessary.

Keywords

Anxiety, depression, diabetes, HBA1c

  • * This paper has been published in Volume 1, 2016, Issue 1, Pages: 9-14
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